Pallets 101    


We Have Various Sizes And Styles Of Plastic Pallets, No Order Is Too Small.    


We Stock Many Different Sizes And Styles Of Block Pallets.

    We have taken the time to list some definitions that specific to the industry. We hope that these terms are helpful to you when trying to determine the specifications of the pallet that you need.

     When ordering a custom-built pallet, this is the info we need to know:

 1.  Size
 2.  2-way or 4-way
 3.  Number of boards on top - (determined by the deck board spacing)
 4.  Number of Runners (2x4s a.k.a. stringers) 3 Runners is standard
 5.  Number of boards on bottom

      Helpful info when building or picking a pallet:

 1.  How much does your product weigh
 2.  Will the product weight be evenly distrubuted on the pallet
 3.  How many times will the pallet be moved
 4.  How wide can the gaps be between the top boards 

      Does your pallet have to be any of the following:

 1.  New, or will Recycled pallets meet your needs
 2.  Heavy duty
 3.  Heat treated (for export shipping)
 4.  Pallet jack accessible   

 Custom Built Pallet, Built To The Customer Specs. Tell Us What You Want And We Will Build It.



Standard Size Pallet – 48x40 4-way - This pallet is the standard pallet for the grocery industry. The pallet measures 48” long and 40” wide, this pallet is 4-way entry.

Length – Refers to the runner length; also refers to the first dimension given to describe a pallet i.e., 48″ x 40″, where 48″ is the pallet runner length.

Width – Refers to the boards or decking width; also refers to the second dimension given to describe a pallet i.e., 48″ x 40″, where 40″ is the pallet board width.

Lead Boards – the boards on the top and the bottom of the pallet that are on each end. (there are a total of four lead boards, two on top and two on bottom)

Top Deck Boards – the boards that are on the top of the pallet, attached to the runners, the upper load-carrying surface of the pallet.

Inner Deck Boards – any deck boards located between located between the lead boards.

Deck Board Spacing – the distance between adjacent deck boards, the gaps between each board.

Runner or Stringer – the 2x4s that support the top and bottom boards.

4-way (notched ) – a pallet with half moon notches cut into the 2x4 runner, this allows the pallet to be entered into by a forklift from all four sides.

2-way (not notched) – a pallet with straight 2x4s with no notches, this pallet can only be entered into by a forklift through two ends of the pallets.

Bottom Deck Boards – the boards that are on the bottom of the pallet, attached to the runners, the lower load bearing surface of the pallet.

Wing Tip – an overhang of the deck boards, the boards extend past the outer edge of the runner.

Flush – when the boards on the pallet are even (flush) with the runner.

Repair Blocks – a piece of a runner that is placed inside the pallet, against the damaged runner to give support and allow the pallet to be recycled and used again.

Recycled Material – Boards or runners that have been dismantled and salvaged from a used pallet.

Block Pallet – a type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks, (this pallet does not have runners)

Combo Pallet - a pallet that is built to your specifications using a combination of new and recycled material.Example : using new runners and recycled boards.

Custom Built Pallets – a pallet that is built using your company specifications, to build the exact pallet that your company needs.  

For more information on pallets visit

Mock Pallet Company, Inc.


Pallets 101